After studying in Edinburgh and Berlin, I came to the University of Pennsylvania as a Thouron Scholar in 2013. My research centers on how contemporary and ancient war were represented in the Middle Ages, focusing in particular on how the sprawling series of conflicts now known as the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) changed the way war was understood, experienced, and historicized.
This forms the focus of two main projects. The first, my dissertation Forms of Writing, Forms of War: Scotland, England, France c. 1300-1513, shows how the uniquely international - and prolonged - character of the Hundred Years War gave rise to new forms of war writing. Chapters consider the war treatise, which laid the foundations for international law in addition to providing a philosophical account of war; the new forms of textual and monumental memorial created in the wake of the death of Prince Edward, the Black Prince; the siege romance, a literary form with deep roots in spiritual, erotic, and historical traditions that became a key vehicle for representing war; and two Scottish literary traditions: one chapter on how Scottish historians appropriated British (English) historiography to write the place of the nation, and another on the epic tradition that enabled Gavin Douglas's Eneados (1513), the first translation of Virgil's Aeneid into any form of English.
The second project, The Hundred Years War and European Literary History (under contract, Manchester University Press), is a volume of essays I am editing with R.D. Perry (St Louis University) that offers the first synoptic literary history of the war.
I also have related interests in classical reception, material texts, visual culture, and the methodologies of literary study. In April 2016, I co-organized a conference, Method and the Middle English Text, with colleagues from UC-Berkeley and UVA. For Fall 2016, I returned to the UK as the graduate assistant for the Penn English Program in London. At Penn, I am the organizer of an ad hoc reading group on Lucan in the Middle Ages, and for 2016-17 co-ordinated the Medieval-Renaissance Seminar with Mariah Min. I also help to curate a list of online resources useful for medievalists.