This course will examine major texts in the modern drama from the time of Ibsen, Strindberg, Chekhov and Shaw, plus others by Zola, Hauptmann, Wedekind, Juel, an Synge. The plays will be considered as scripts for performance, and the dramatic techniques of each playwright will be considered in relation to contemporary dramatic and theatrical movements, e.g. the "well- made play" (examples of which will be read), realism, naturalism, impressionism, verse drama, and pre-expressionism. Two take-home essays, two in-class exams, and a choice of a paper of a final. Attendance at plays in Philadelphia may be required.