From: Sara Warneke (warneke@REDGUM.UCNV.EDU.AU)
Subject: Travel Bibliography


Early in 1994 I initiated a discussion on early modern travel on several electronic discussion lists. This bibliography is a result of suggestions that I received from the subsequent discussions and from my own research in the area of early modern English travel. I have restricted the bibliography to secondary works only - the primary sources available, especially in manuscript form, are so numerous that to include primary sources would make this bibliography too unwieldy (if I receive enough requests, however, I will consider making such a bibliography available). Because my own research work extends into the late medieval period, I have also included some of the more important sources on medieval travel.

I have attempted to confirm all bibliographical details of all the works cited - unfortunately, in some cases I have not been able to determine complete details.

Although this bibliography is reasonably extensive, any of the more recent works cited will contain added references.

I would like to thank all those contibutors to H-Albion and Ficino who participated in the discussions on early modern travel and gave me valuable references.

Comments and queries can be sent to me at ( April 1994.


Barber, M.J., "The Englishman Abroad in the Fifteenth Century," _Medievalia et Humanistica_, XI (1957), pp. 69-77. Bartlett, Kenneth R., _The English in Italy 1525-1558: A Study in Culture and Politics_ (Geneva: Slatleine, 1991). _____ , "'The Misfortune that is Wished for Him": The Exile and Death of Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon," _Canadian Journal of History_, v.14 (1979), pp.1-28. Barker, N., _In Fair Verona: English Travellers in Italy and Their Accounts of the City From the Middle Ages to Modern Times_ (Pelican, 1972). Baskerville, E. J., "The English Traveler to Italy, 1547-1560", Ph. D. dissertation, Columbia, 1967 (?published Michigan, 1982). Bates, E. S., _Touring in 1600_, introduced by George Bull (London, 1911, reprint 1987). Benet, Diana Trevino, "The Escape from Rome: Milton's 'Second Defense' and a Renaissance Genre," in Mano DiCesare, ed., _Milton and Italy_ (Birmingham, MRTS, 1991), pp. 29-49. Bennett, Josephine Waters, _The Rediscovery of Sir John Mandeville_ (New York, 1954). Black, Jeremy, _The British and the Grand Tour_ (London, 1985). _____ , "British Travellers in Europe in the Early Eighteenth Century, _Dalhousie Review_ (1981-1982), pp. 655-667. _____ , _The Grand Tour in the Eighteenth Century_ (St Martin's Press: New York, 1992). Black, Pamela M., "Laurence Nowell's 'Disappearance' in Germany and its Bearings on the Whereabouts of his Collectanea 1568-1572", _English Historical Review_ (1977), pp. 345-353. Boring, William Clayton, _English Literature of Exploration, Discovery and Travel as a Genre 1509-1625_ (New York, 1979). Brand, C. P., "English Travellers in Italy," in Brand, _Italy and the English Romantics_ (Cambridge, 1957). Other chapters in this book may be useful. Brauer, George C., _The Education of a Gentleman_ (New York, 1959). Has a good chapter on educational travel. Brown, Secor, "Curiosity that is Endless: A Study of John Evelyn as a Virtuoso," Harvard Honours Essay, 1938, in the Harvard College Library. Burgess, Anthony and Francis Hawkell, _The Age of the Grand Tour_ (London & New York, 1967). Burke, J., "The Grand Tour and the Rule of Taste," in R. F. Brissenden, ed., _Studies in the Eighteenth Century_ (Camberra, 1968). Bush, D., "The Literature of Travel" in Bush, _English Literature in the Earlier Seventeenth Century_ (Oxford 1945: 1952). Campbell, Mary, _The Witness and the Other World: Exotic European Travel Writing 400-1600_ (Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1988). Camusso, Lorenzo, _Travel Guide to Europe 1492: Ten Itineraries in the Old World_ (New York: Henry Holt, 1992). Chaney, Edward, "The Grand Tour and Beyond: British and American Travellers in Southern Italy 1545-1960," Edward Chaney and Neil Ritchie, eds., _Oxford, China and Italy_ (London, 1984). _____ , _The Grand Tour and the Great Rebellion_ (Geneva, 1985). _____ , "Quo Vadis? Travel as Education and the Impact of Italy in the Sixteenth Century," Peter Cunningham and Colin Brock, eds., _International Currents in Educational Ideas and Practices_, History of Education Society (Evington, 1988), pp. 1-28. Charlton Kenneth, _Education in Renaissance England_ (London, 1965). Section on travel. Chew, Samuel C., _The Crescent and the Rose_ (New York, 1965). Clarke, M. L., "British Travellers to Rome in Tudor and Stuart Times," _History Today_, XXVIII (1978), pp. 746-751. _____ , "English Visitors to Rome in the Middle Ages," _History Today_, XXVIII (1978), pp. 643-649. Comparato, Vittor Iro, "Viaggiatori Inglesi in Italia Tra Sei e Settecento: La formazione di un Modello interpretativo," (English travellers to Italy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: the formation of an interpretive model), _Quaderni Storici_ 14 (3) (1979), pp. 850-886. Cox, Edward, _A Reference Guide to the Literature of Travel_ (Seattle, 1935-1949), 3 volumes. Einstein, Lewis, _The Italian Renaissance in England_ (New York, 1902). Now somewhat dated, but still a classic. _The English Hospice in Rome_, XXI (May 1962). Provides lists of Englishmen and women in Rome during the medieval period. Evans, David R., "Charles II's "Grand Tour": Restoration Panegyric and the Rhetoric of Travel Literature,"_Philological Quatrterly, 72.1 (Winter, 1993), pp. 53-71. _____ , "Desiring the Foreign Self: Identity (Com)modification and the Early Grand Tour," in Pat Gill and Thomas Piero, eds., _Illicit Sex: Identity Politics in Early Modern Culture_ (currently submitted for publication). Febvre, Lucien, _Life in Renaissance France_ (Cambridge, Mass., 1977). Fink, Zera, "Anti-Foreign Sentiment in Tudor and Early Stuart Literature," unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, Northwestern University, 1931. _____, "Jaques and the Malcontent Traveller," _Philological Quarterly_, XIV (1935), pp. 237-252. Flynn, V. J., "Englishmen in Rome During the Renaissance," _Modern Philology_, XXXVI (1938), pp. 121-138. Frank, Thomas, "Elizabethan Travellers in Rome," _English Miscellany_, IV (1953), pp. 95-132. Franz, R. W., "The English Traveller and the Movement of Ideas 1660-1732," _University Studies_, Nebraska Univ., vols XXXII-XXXIII (1932-1933). Garret, Christina, _The Marian Exiles_ (Cambridge, 1938). Grose, Clyde and Robert Munter, eds., _Englishmen Abroad_ (1986). Haskins, Charles H., "The Life of Medieval Students as Illustrated by Their Letters," _American Historical Review_, III (1898), pp. 203-229. Sheds some light on students travelling about medieval Europe. Haynes, Jonathan, _The Humanist as Traveler_ (London, 1986). Hexter, J. H., "The Education of the Aristocracy in the Renaissance," _Reappraisals in History_ (London, 1961: 1963), pp. 45-70. Hibbert, Christopher, _The Grand Tour_ (1969) Holtgen, Karl Josef, "Sir Robert Dallington (1561-1637). Author, Traveler, and Pioneer of Taste," _Huntington Library Quarterly_ 47 (1984), pp. 147-177. Houghton, Walter E., "The English Virtuoso in the Seventeenth Century," _Journal of the History of Ideas_, III (1942), Part I, pp. 51-73, Part II, pp. 190-219. Howard, Clare, _English Travellers of the Renaissance_ (London, 1914). Contains a reasonable bibliography of primary advice literature for travellers. Howard, D. R., _Writers and Pilgrims_ (Berkley, 1980). Hutton Elizabeth MacArthur, "The Grand Tour in the 16th, 17th and 18th Centuries," D. Phil., Cambridge, 1937. James, J. B., "Sixteenth-Century Travellers," _History Today_, XVII (1967), pp. 189-196. Jusserand, J. J., _English Wayfaring Life in the Middle Ages_ (London, 1889: revised edition 1961). Jewkes, W. J., "The Literature of Travel and the Mode of Romance in the Renaissance," in _Literature as a Mode of Travel_ (New York, 1963). Sorry, no details on whether Jewkes was the author of the entire book or not. Kalb, G. M. D., "Bildungriese und Literarischer Reisebericht: Studien zur Englischen Reiseliteratur (1700-1850)," (Educational travel and the travel account as a literary genre: A study of selected travel literature 1700-1850) Uni. of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 1980.) I am unsure if this is a book or an unpublished dissertation. Kelso, Ruth, _The Doctrine of the English Gentleman in the Sixteenth Century_ (Gloucester, Mass., 1964). Covers educational travel. Kirkby, Paul Franklin, _The Grand Tour in Italy_. (No other details available at the moment.) Labarge, Margaret Wade, _Medieval Travellers. The Rich and Restless_ (London, 1982). Lambert, Richard Stanton, ed., _The Grand Tour: A Journey in the Tracks of the Arsitocracy_ (London, 1935). Lees-Milne, James, "Tudor Travellers in Italy," _The Month_, n.s. (1951), pp. 15-23. Letts, Malcolm, "Of Lying Travellers," _Contemporary Review_, CXVI (1920), pp. 95-100. _____ , "Seventeenth-Century Travel in Europe," _Notes and Queries_, second series, XII (1915), pp. 42-44, 63-64 and 81-83. _____ , "Some Sixteenth-century Travellers in Naples," _English Historical Review_, XXXIII (1918), pp. 176-196. Lievsay, John L., _The Elizabethan Image of Italy_, Folger Booklets of Tudor and Stuart Civilization (Ithaca, New York, 1964). Lightbrown, R. W., "The Protestant Confessor, or the Tragic History of Mr Molle," in Edward Chaney and Peter Mack, eds., _England and the Continental Renaissance_ (Woodbridge, 1990). Lindabury, Richard, _A Study of Patriotism in the Elizabethan Drama_ (Princeton, 1931). Lloyd, Leslie John, _The English Traveller_ (Exeter, 1953). Lough, John, _France Observed in the Seventeenth Century by British Travellers_ (London, 1985). Lytton-Sells, Arthur, _The Paradise of Travellers: The Italian Influence on Englishmen in the Seventeenth Century_ (London, 1964). Maclean, Hugh, "Reliquae Bodleiaae, Letter CCXXXII," _Bodleian Library Record_, VI (1960), pp. 537-541. Maxwell, Constantia Elizabeth, _English Travellers in France, 1698-1815_ (no pub. details available). Mathew, Arnold Harris and Annette Calthrop, _The Life of Sir Tobie Matthew_ (London, 1907). Covers Matthew's travels and conversion to Catholicism in Europe. Maugham, H. Neville, _The Book of Italian Travel, 1580-1900_ (New York and London, 1903). McCain, Rea, "English Travellers in Italy During the Renaissance," _Bulletin of Bibliography_, XX (1916), pp. 17 ff, 68ff, and 93 ff. A list of travellers. _____ , "Travel in Italy as a Part of the Education of the English Gentleman During the Renaissance," Ph D dissertation, New York University, 1931, 206 pp. Mead, W. E., _Grand Tour in the Eighteenth Century_ (Boston, 1914; reprint New York, 1972). Mitchell, R. J., "English Students at Ferrara in the XV. Century," _Italian Sudies_, I (1938), pp. 75-82. _____ , "English Students at Padua 1460-75," _Transactions of the Royal Historical Society_, fourth series, XIX (1936), pp. 101-116. _____ , "English Law Students at Bologna in the Fifteenth Century," _English Historical Review_, LI (1936), pp. 270-287. Moens, W. J. C., _English Travellers and Italian Brigands_ (no pub. details available). Moir, Esther A. L., _The Rediscovery of Britain: The English Tourists 1540-1840_ (1964). Mullenbrock, H. J., "The Political Implications of the Grand Tour: Aspects of a Specifically English Contribution to the European Travel Literature of the Age of Englightenment," _Trema_, 9 (1984), pp. 7-21. Newton, A. P., ed., _Travel and Travellers of the Middle Ages_ (Kegan Paul, 1926). Nicholas, Elizabeth, _In Praise of Travel: An Anthology for Enthusiasts_ (London, 1952). Parks, George Bruner, "Chaucer's First Journey to Italy," _ELH_, 16 (1949), pp. 174-187. _____ , _The English Traveller to Italy_ (Rome, 1954), I, (one volume only). ______ , "The First Italianate Englishman," _Studies in the Renaissance_, VIII (1961), pp. 197-216. _____ , "John Evelyn and the Art of Travel," _Huntington Library Quarterly_, X (1946-1947), pp. 251-276. _____ , "King Arthur and the Roads to Rome," _Journal of English and Germanic Philology_, XLV (1946), pp. 164-170. _____ , "Travel as Education," Richard Foster Jones, ed., _The Seventeenth Century_ (Stanford, [1951] 1965), pp. 264-290. Penrose, B., _Urbane Travelers, 1591-1635_ (Philadephia, 1942). Pine-Coffin, R. S., "Bibliography of British and American Travel to Italy to 1860," _Biblioteca di Bibliogratia Italiana_, LXXVI, Florence, 1974. Quintana, Ricardo, "Notes on English Educational Opinion During the Seventeenth Century," _Studies in Philology_, XXVII (1930), pp. 265-292. Rice, Scott B., "Smollett's Travels and the Genre of Grand Tour Literature," _Costerus_, I (1972), pp. 207-220. Roche, T. W. E., _The Key in the Lock; a History of Immigration Control in England from 1066 to the Present Day_ (London, 1969). Useful for passport control. Roebuck, Peter, "An English Catholic on Tour in Europe 1701-03," _Recusant History_, vol. 11, no. 3 (October 1971), pp. 156 ff. Rowling, Margaret, _Everyday Life of Medieval Travellers_ (New York, 1989). Sells, A. Lytton, _The Paradise of Travellers_ (London, 1964). Shackelton, Robert, "The Grand Tour in the Eighteenth Century," Louis T. Mink, ed., _Studies in Eighteenth Century Culture_, vol. I (Cleveland, 1971). Simon, Joan, _Education and Society in Tudor England_ (Cambridge, [1966] 1979). Has a short section on educational travel. Stoye, John Walter, _English Travellers Abroad 1604-1667_ (London, 1952: revised edition, Yale, 1989). van Strien, C. D., _British Travelers in Holland During the Stuart Period_ (EJ Brill, Leiden, 1993). Sumption, Jonathan, _Pilgrimage, An Image of Mediaeval Religion_ (London, 1975). Taylor, E. G. R., _Late Tudor and Early Stuart Geography_ (London, 1934). This has a chapter devoted to travellers. Theilmann. John M., "Medieval Pilgrims and the Origins of Tourism", _Journal of Popular Culture_, XX (1987), pp. 93-102. Trease, Geoffrey, _The Grand Tour_ (New York, 1967). Waddell, Helen, _The Wandering Scholars_ (London, 1927). Warneke, Sara, "Educational Travelers: Popular Imagery and Public Critism in Early Modern England," _Journal of Popular Culture_, XXIII, Winter issue, 1994, pp. 71-94. ________, _Images of the Educational Traveller in Early Modern England_ (due for publication by EJ Brill, Leiden, in late 1994). Watkins, W. J. H., "The Literature of Travel 1350-1750," M.A., 1919, Wales. West, Rebecca, "The Englishman Abroad," Sir E. Baker, ed., _The Character of England_ (Oxford, 1947), pp. 481-505. Woodhouse, Anne Felicity, "English Travelers in Paris, 1660-1789: A Study of Their Diaries," unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, Stanford University, 1976. _____ , "The Grand Tour in Fact and Fiction," _Modern Language Studies_, Spring, 1976. _____ , "A Visit to Paris, 1726: Two Diaries of the Grand Tour of Europe," _Bodleian Library Record_, 10 (August 1981), pp. 290-296. Wright, Louis B., _Middle-Class Culture in Elizabethan England_ (London, [1935] 1964). Especially for the popularity of travel literature. Zacher, Christian K., _Curiosity and Pilgrimage_ (Baltimore, 1976).

Dr Sara Warneke email voice (054) 447981 Department of Humanities La Trobe University Bendigo PO Box 199 Bendigo, Victoria 3550 AUSTRALIA

"If my fortunes tormet me, my hopes shall content me." (marginal ms comment in "Rich his farewell to Militarie Profession" 1594)